opencv调用Caffe、TensorFlow、Torch训练好的模型

转载:https://blog.csdn.net/shanglianlm/article/details/80030569

OpenCV 3.3版本发布,对深度学习(dnn模块)提供了更好的支持,dnn模块目前支持Caffe、TensorFlow、Torch、PyTorch等深度学习框架。

#1 加载模型成网络#
##1-1 调用caffe模型##
核心代码:

String modelDesc = "../face/deploy.prototxt";
String modelBinary = "../face/res10_300x300_ssd_iter_140000.caffemodel";
// 初始化网络
dnn::Net net = readNetFromCaffe(modelDesc, modelBinary);
if (net.empty()){
    printf("could not load net...\n");
    return -1;
}

调用caffe示例
OpenCV基于残差网络实现人脸检测
http://blog.51cto.com/gloomyfish/2094611?lb=

##1-2 调用TensorFlow模型##
a TensorFlow训练模型,并保存成.pb文件
b 使用opencv的readNetFromTensorflow函数加载.pb文件
核心代码:

String labels_txt_file ="../inception5h/imagenet_comp_graph_label_strings.txt";
String tf_pb_file ="../inception5h/tensorflow_inception_graph.pb";
   
// 加载网络  
Net net =readNetFromTensorflow(tf_pb_file);   
if(net.empty()){
    printf("read caffe model data failure...\n");
    return -1;
}

调用TensorFlow示例
OpenCV 基于Inception模型图像分类
https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MzA4MDExMDEyMw==&mid=2247484278&idx=1&sn=e5074be2ba35c17bf34685864b6d34d7&chksm=9fa87432a8dffd246f1c88fea1dc7e348abb3d93c93e0834da881852dcfea68f5609ce927038&mpshare=1&scene=23&srcid=0421tNU3Tvp8N4oEUip7LYE9#rd

##1-3 调用Darknet模型##

核心代码:

String modelConfiguration = "../yolov2-tiny-voc/yolov2-tiny-voc.cfg";
String modelBinary = "../yolov2-tiny-voc/yolov2-tiny-voc.weights";
dnn::Net net = readNetFromDarknet(modelConfiguration, modelBinary);
if (net.empty())
{
    printf("Could not load net...\n");
    return;
}

调用Darknet示例
OpenCV DNN之YOLO实时对象检测
http://blog.51cto.com/gloomyfish/2095418

#2 加载测试数据#
blobFromImage 转换数据为四维Blob图片。
核心代码:

// 加载图像
Mat frame = imread("../123.jpg");
Mat inputBlob = blobFromImage(frame, 1/255.F, Size(416, 416), Scalar(), true, false);
net.setInput(inputBlob, "data");

blobFromImage函数解释

Mat blobFromImage(InputArray image, double scalefactor=1.0, const Size& size = Size(),  const Scalar& mean = Scalar(), bool swapRB=true, bool crop=true);  
    /** @brief Creates 4-dimensional blob from image. Optionally resizes and crops @p image from center,  
    *  subtract @p mean values, scales values by @p scalefactor, swap Blue and Red channels.  
    *  @param image input image (with 1-, 3- or 4-channels).  
    *  @param size spatial size for output image  
    *  @param mean scalar with mean values which are subtracted from channels. Values are intended  
    *  to be in (mean-R, mean-G, mean-B) order if @p image has BGR ordering and @p swapRB is true.  
    *  @param scalefactor multiplier for @p image values.  
    *  @param swapRB flag which indicates that swap first and last channels  
    *  in 3-channel image is necessary.  
    *  @param crop flag which indicates whether image will be cropped after resize or not  
    *  @details if @p crop is true, input image is resized so one side after resize is equal to corresponding  
    *  dimension in @p size and another one is equal or larger. Then, crop from the center is performed.  
    *  If @p crop is false, direct resize without cropping and preserving aspect ratio is performed.  
    *  @returns 4-dimansional Mat with NCHW dimensions order.  
    */  
    
第一个参数,InputArray image,表示输入的图像,可以是opencv的mat数据类型。
第二个参数,scalefactor,这个参数很重要的,如果训练时,是归一化到0-1之间,那么这个参数就应该为0.00390625f (1/256),否则为1.0
第三个参数,size,应该与训练时的输入图像尺寸保持一致。
第四个参数,mean,这个主要在caffe中用到,caffe中经常会用到训练数据的均值。tf中貌似没有用到均值文件。
第五个参数,swapRB,是否交换图像第1个通道和最后一个通道的顺序。
第六个参数,crop,如果为true,就是裁剪图像,如果为false,就是等比例放缩图像。

#3 输出结果#

//检测 darknet
Mat detectionMat = net.forward("detection_out");
//分类 Inception
prob =net.forward("softmax2");
//tf 
pred = net.forward("fc2/prob");  
#4 用到的一些函数#

4-1 在dnn中从磁盘加载图片##

cv2.dnn.blobFromImage
cv2.dnn.blobFromImages
##4-2 用create方法直接从各种框架中导出模型##

cv2.dnn.createCaffeImporter
cv2.dnn.createTensorFlowImporter
cv2.dnn.createTorchImporter
##4-3 使用read方法从磁盘直接加载序列化模型##

cv2.dnn.readNetFromCaffe
cv2.dnn.readNetFromTensorFlow
cv2.dnn.readNetFromTorch
cv2.dnn.readhTorchBlob
从磁盘加载完模型之后,可以用.forward方法来向前传播我们的图像,获取结果。

参考资料
1 OpenCV Tutorials
https://docs.opencv.org/3.4.1/d9/df8/tutorial_root.html
2 opencv调用tf训练好的模型
https://blog.csdn.net/hust_bochu_xuchao/article/details/79428759
3 Deep Learning with OpenCVhttps://www.pyimagesearch.com/2017/08/21/deep-learning-with-opencv/
4 opencv的dnn解析
https://blog.csdn.net/langb2014/article/details/51286828

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